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MADAGASCAR - car rental - driver guide madagascar



   Hey My Friends, fellow travelers!

If you’re dreaming of an adventure in Madagascar, you’re in for a treat. This island paradise offers stunning landscapes, unique wildlife, and vibrant culture. But like any travel destination, it’s important to stay safe and informed. Here are some Guidelines based on my experiences as a Tour Guide and Driver guide

Health Guidelines

       To ensure a healthy and enjoyable trip, it is crucial to be aware of and prepare for health considerations specific to the region. Here are key health guidelines following an international rules.

Vaccinations and Immunizations

  • Routine Vaccinations: Ensure that you are up-to-date on routine vaccines such as measles-mumps-rubella (MMR), diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis, varicella (chickenpox), polio, and your yearly flu shot.
  • Recommended Vaccinations: Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Typhoid, and Rabies vaccines are recommended for travelers to Madagascar. Consult your healthcare provider for personalized advice.
  • Yellow Fever: A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required if you are coming from a country with a risk of yellow fever.

Malaria Prevention

  • Malaria is present throughout Madagascar, especially in rural areas.
  • Preventive Medication: Consult your doctor for the appropriate antimalarial medication to take before, during, and after your trip.
  • Mosquito Protection: Use insect repellent containing DEET, wear long sleeves and pants, and sleep under mosquito nets.

Food and Water Safety

  • Water: Drink only bottled or boiled water. Avoid ice cubes made from tap water.
  • Food: Eat well-cooked meals and avoid raw or undercooked foods. Be cautious with street food and choose vendors who maintain high hygiene standards.
  • Fruits and Vegetables: Eat fruits and vegetables that you can peel yourself. Avoid salads and raw produce that may have been washed in contaminated water.

Traveler’s Diarrhea

  • Medication: Carry over-the-counter medication such as loperamide and oral rehydration salts.
  • Hygiene: Practice good hand hygiene by washing hands frequently with soap and water or using hand sanitizer.

Medical Facilities and Insurance

  • Medical Facilities: Healthcare facilities in Madagascar are limited, especially outside major cities. Ensure you have access to adequate medical care in case of emergencies.
  • Travel Insurance: Purchase comprehensive travel insurance that covers medical evacuation, as serious health issues may require evacuation to a country with better medical facilities.

Sun Protection

  • Sunburn and Heatstroke: Protect yourself from the sun by wearing sunscreen with a high SPF, hats, and sunglasses. Stay hydrated and avoid prolonged exposure to the sun during peak hours.

Personal Medications

  • Bring Sufficient Supply: Carry enough of your prescription medications to last the entire trip, as they may not be available locally.
  • Documentation: Bring a copy of your prescriptions and a letter from your doctor detailing your medical conditions and medications.

Insect and Animal Bites

  • Insect Bites: Besides malaria, be aware of other insect-borne diseases. Use insect repellent and protective clothing.
  • Animal Bites: Avoid contact with animals, as rabies is present in Madagascar. Seek immediate medical attention if bitten or scratched.

Hygiene and Sanitation

  • Hand Hygiene: Regularly wash your hands with soap and water or use hand sanitizer, especially before eating or after using the restroom.
  • Sanitary Facilities: Public restrooms may be scarce or have poor hygiene standards. Carry hand sanitizer and toilet paper.


Ensuring your health and safety while traveling in Madagascar requires preparation and vigilance. By staying up-to-date on vaccinations, practicing good hygiene, taking preventive measures against insect bites, and being mindful of food and water safety, you can enjoy a healthy and memorable trip.

For the most current health advice and recommendations, consult with your healthcare provider or visit the websites of health organizations such as the CDC or WHO before your departure.

Stay healthy and enjoy your adventure in Madagasca

Safety Guidelines

       Madagascar is a welcoming destination with friendly locals and stunning attractions. However,  it is important to remain vigilant and take basic safety measures to protect yourself and your belongings.

Safety outside the city

Travel within national parks and reserves in Madagascar is generally safe when basic safety rules are followed:

  • Remain on designated trails and pathways.
  • Adhere to the instructions and guidelines provided by local guides.
  • Maintain a safe distance from all wildlife.
  • Avoid exploring dense forest areas alone

Group & solo Travel and Hiring Guides / Driver Guides

For enhanced safety and a more enriching travel experience, it is recommended to:

  • Hire local guides or driver guides. These professionals are well-versed in local conditions and can provide valuable insights into safe practices and areas to avoid.


The Benefits of a Guide or Driver Guide

One of the best ways to enhance your safety while traveling in Madagascar is to hire a guide or driver guide. Here’s why:

  • Local Expertise: Guides have extensive knowledge of the local areas, customs, and languages, which can significantly enhance your travel experience.
  • Safe Navigation: A driver guide can safely navigate Madagascar’s roads, which can be challenging for those unfamiliar with local driving conditions.
  • Cultural Insights: Guides offer valuable insights into the history, culture, and natural wonders of Madagascar, making your trip more informative and enjoyable.

Emergency Assistance: In the unlikely event of an emergency, a guide can provide immediate assistance and know the appropriate local co

    Transportation Safety

When traveling across Madagascar, consider the following transportation safety measures:

  • Private Car Rentals with Drivers: Opt for renting cars with driver guides who are familiar with local driving conditions and routes.
  • Avoid Taxibrousses: Shared minibuses, known as taxibrousses, are not recommended due to their high risk of robberies and accidents.

     Urban Safety
In urban areas, travelers should exercise caution :

  • After Dark: Refrain from traveling alone after dark. Stay in well-lit and populated areas.
  • Inter-City Travel: Avoid driving between cities at night. Local drivers typically do not undertake such journeys due to safety concerns, and rental cars without drivers are seldom available.

Staying Informed

It is important to stay informed about the current safety situation:

  • Consult travel advisories issued by your country’s foreign office.
  • Keep up-to-date with local news.
  • Follow the advice of tour operators and guides, who have extensive local knowledge.

General Precautions

For overall safety:

  • Secure your valuables and keep them out of sight.
  • Be aware of your surroundings at all times.
  • Trust your instincts and avoid situations that feel unsafe.

Perspective on Safety

While isolated incidents may occur, Madagascar is generally a peaceful country. According to the Global Peace Index 2019, it is safer than several Western countries, including France, Greece, and the USA. As with any travel destination, exercising common sense and taking precautionary measures can ensure a safe and pleasant experience.


Madagascar is a remarkable destination that can be safely explored by adhering to these guidelines. By traveling in groups, utilizing the services of experienced guides, and staying informed, visitors can enjoy the island’s unique attractions with confidence.

For the latest safety information, please consult the Federal Foreign Office of your home country.

Cultural Etiquette

Interacting with Locals:

    When visiting Madagascar, engaging with locals can enrich your travel experience and deepen your understanding of the island’s rich culture and traditions. Here are some guidelines to help you navigate interactions with locals respectfully and positively:

Greetings and Politeness

  • Greetings: Greetings are an important part of our culture. A simple “Salama” (hello) accompanied by a smile is a friendly way to start a conversation.
  • Respect: Show respect by using formal titles such as “Monsieur” (Mr.) or “Madame” (Mrs.) when addressing elders or those in positions of authority.


  • Language: While Malagasy is the official language, French is widely spoken, especially in urban areas. Learning a few basic phrases in Malagasy can go a long way in fostering goodwill.
  • Listening: Be attentive and show genuine interest in what locals have to say. Listening attentively and asking questions demonstrates respect and appreciation for their culture.

Customs and Traditions

  • Customs: Familiarize yourself with local customs and traditions. For example, it is customary to remove your shoes before entering someone’s home.
  • Gift Giving: Offering small gifts, such as souvenirs from your home country or local snacks, is a thoughtful gesture of appreciation.

Respect for Sacred Sites

  • Sacred Sites: Madagascar is home to many sacred sites and cultural landmarks. Show respect by following local customs and guidelines when visiting these areas.

Dress Code

  • Modesty: Dress modestly, especially when visiting rural areas or religious sites. Avoid clothing that may be considered revealing or inappropriate.


  • Ask Permission: Always ask for permission before taking photos of locals or their property. Respect their privacy and cultural sensitivities.

Social Norms

  • Patience: Embrace the relaxed pace of life in Madagascar. Patience and flexibility are essential when navigating social interactions and everyday activities.
  • Smile: A smile is a universal gesture of goodwill and friendliness. Let your smile be your passport to positive interactions with locals.


Interacting with locals in Madagascar can be a rewarding experience that enhances your travel adventure. By approaching interactions with an open mind, respect for local customs, and a willingness to learn, you can forge meaningful connections and create lasting memories.

Remember to be courteous, patient, and appreciative of the warm hospitality extended by the Malagasy people. Your efforts to engage respectfully will be met with warmth and genuine hospitality.

Currency Information

      When traveling to Madagascar, it is essential to understand the local currency and the best practices for handling money to ensure a smooth and hassle-free experience. Below is a comprehensive guide to help you navigate currency matters during your visit.

Local Currency

  • The official currency of Madagascar is the Malagasy Ariary (MGA).
  • Banknotes are issued in denominations of 100, 200, 500, 1,000, 2,000, 5,000, 10,000, and 20,000 ariary.
  • Coins are available in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100 ariary.

Currency Exchange

  • Foreign currencies can be exchanged at banks, authorized currency exchange bureaus, and major hotels.
  • It is advisable to exchange money at official exchange points to avoid counterfeit notes.
  • Retain your exchange receipts, as you may need them to re-exchange money back into your original currency when leaving Madagascar.

ATMs and Credit Cards

  • ATMs are widely available in major cities and tourist areas. They dispense cash in Malagasy Ariary.
  • Major international credit and debit cards (Visa, MasterCard) are accepted at many hotels, restaurants, and larger stores. However, it is advisable to carry cash for transactions in smaller towns and rural areas.
  • Notify your bank of your travel plans to avoid any issues with your cards while abroad.

Cash Handling

  • Carry smaller denominations of banknotes for everyday transactions, as larger notes can be difficult to break in rural areas or small establishments.
  • Keep your cash secure and divide it between different places (wallet, money belt, secure pockets) to minimize the risk of loss or theft.
  • Be cautious when handling money in public to avoid attracting unwanted attention.

Tipping and Bargaining

  • Tipping is appreciated but not mandatory. A 10% tip is customary in restaurants and for exceptional service.
  • Bargaining is common in local markets and with street vendors. Always negotiate politely and with respect.

Safety and Security

  • Be cautious when handling cash in public places to avoid attracting unwanted attention.
  • Use hotel safes to store large amounts of cash, travel documents, and other valuables.
  • Monitor exchange rates regularly to ensure you are getting the best value for your money.

Currency Restrictions

  • There are no restrictions on the amount of foreign currency you can bring into Madagascar. However, amounts exceeding €10,000 (or equivalent) must be declared upon arrival.
  • Exporting local currency is limited to MGA 400,000 per person.


Understanding and managing your finances in Madagascar is crucial for a stress-free trip. By following these guidelines, you can navigate currency exchange, handle cash transactions securely, and make the most of your time in this beautiful country.

For up-to-date information on currency regulations and exchange rates, consult your local bank or a trusted financial advisor before your trip.

Currency Restrictions

  • There are no restrictions on the amount of foreign currency you can bring into Madagascar, but amounts exceeding USD 7,500 (or equivalent) must be declared upon arrival.
  • When departing, you may not take out more than MGA 400,

Climate & Weather Information

Exploring the Varied Climates and Weather Across Madagascar

Madagascar, often referred to as the “eighth continent,” boasts an astonishing array of landscapes and climates. From lush rainforests to arid deserts, the island’s diverse geography gives rise to distinct weather patterns across its different regions. Understanding these variations is key to planning a successful and enjoyable trip. Let’s delve into the unique climates and weather conditions found in each part of Madagascar:

Eastern Coast: Hot and Humid Rainforests

  • Climate: The eastern coast, including areas like Toamasina and Ranomafana, experiences a hot and humid tropical climate.
  • Weather: Heavy rainfall is common year-round, with the wettest months typically from December to March. Temperatures remain warm throughout the year, often accompanied by high humidity levels.

Central Highlands: Temperate Plateaus and Mountains

  • Climate: The central highlands, home to Antananarivo and Antsirabe, feature a temperate climate with cooler temperatures due to higher elevation.
  • Weather: The dry season lasts from May to October, characterized by cooler temperatures and less rainfall. The region experiences moderate rainfall during the wet season, primarily from November to April..

Western Coast: Hot and Dry Savannahs

  • Climate: The western coast, encompassing areas like Morondava and Toliara, has a hot and dry climate, typical of savannah regions.
  • Weather: Rainfall is minimal throughout the year, with high temperatures and sunny days prevailing. The dry season brings even lower humidity levels and clear skies.

Southern Region: Semi-Arid Terrain and Spiny Forests

  • Climate: The southern region, including Fort Dauphin and Toliara, features a semi-arid climate with hot temperatures and minimal rainfall.


  • Antananarivo MADAGASCAR
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